Employment: Revised guidance for injury to feelings compensation
The Employment Appeal Tribunal has ruled that the bands for damages
awarded for injury to feelings in unlawful discrimination cases (known
as “Vento” damages) should be increased in line with inflation, with
- The upper limit of the lower band has increased to £6,000 (from
£5,000). The lower band is used to award compensation in less serious
cases which involve for example a one-off act of discrimination;
- The upper limit of the middle band has increased to £18,000 (from
£15,000). The middle band covers more serious cases of discrimination
but which do not fall within the highest band;
- The upper limit of the highest band has increased to £30,000 (from
£25,000). This band will apply to the most serious cases, where a
person has suffered a sustained and lengthy period of discrimination.
The EAT considered that it was appropriate to uplift damages
guidelines from time to time and agreed with the (undisputed) approach
of the parties that the appropriate method to use for such an uplift was
an increase in line with the retail price index.
The EAT also noted that appeals against the particular band of
damages used by a tribunal to determine an award for injury to feelings
would be more likely to be successfully challenged on a question of law
than the amount of the award itself, which was more likely to be a
question of fact, based on the individual circumstances of each case.
The EAT stated that it would not “interfere” with findings on the
placement, within a band, of an award unless they were “manifestly
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